Konflik Hukum Perkawinan Beda Agama di Indonesia (Studi Penetapan Hakim Nomor: 12/Pdt.P/2022/Pn Ptk)

Adella Yuana, Ilka Sandela


Article 1 of Law Number 1 of 1974 concerning Marriage (hereinafter referred to as the Marriage Law) which states "Marriage is an inner and outer bond between a man and a woman as husband and wife with the aim of forming a happy and eternal family (household) based on the One Godhead. Almighty". Creating physical and spiritual bonds in forming a marriage must meet the terms and conditions. Fulfillment of these terms and conditions aims to ensure that a marriage is considered valid both religiously and stately. Article 2 paragraph (1) of the Marriage Law states that "Marriage is legal, if it is carried out according to the laws of each religion and belief". In particular, Article 40 letter c of the Compilation of Islamic Law prohibits interfaith marriages in Islam. In the case with the Judge's Determination Number: 12/Pdt.P/2022/PN Ptk, the request was granted by the judge to be recorded at the Population and Civil Registry Office. This incident created legal conflicts and uncertainty over the norms of interfaith marriages. The purpose of this study is to identify and analyze legal conflicts and legal certainty of interfaith marriages in Indonesia through case studies. The research method used in this research is normative juridical. The result of this research is invalid based on Article 40 letter c of the Compilation of Islamic Law. Indonesian Positive Law regulates a legal marriage if it is in accordance with Article 2 paragraph (1) of the Marriage Law. Based on religion and belief, Islam clearly prohibits interfaith marriages. The judge in this case handed down the determination based on the norms of Article 35 of Law Number 23 of 2006 concerning Population Administration which opens the opportunity for interfaith marriages to be recorded at the Population and Civil Registry Office. The occurrence of conflicting norms for interfaith marriages in Indonesia results in the uncertainty of marriage law in its regulations.


Interfaith Marriage, Marriage Law Conflicts, Marriage Law Uncertainty

Full Text:



Buku :

Nuryani Ahmad, 2010, Dasar Hukum Pencatatan Pernikahan di Indonesia, Kantor Urusan Agama Kecamatan Gedebage, Bandung.

Madjid Nurcholis dkk , 2005, Fiqih Lintas Agama, Yayasan wakaf paramadina bekerjasama dengan The Asia Foundation, Jakarta

Soekanto Soerjono dan Sri Mamudji, 1986, Penelitian Hukum Normatif, PT. Raja Grafindo, Jakarta.

Wajik K Shaleh, 1982, Hukum Perkawinan di Indonesia, Ghalia Indonesia, Jakarta

Jurnal :

Ahmadi Hasanuddin Dardiri, dkk. 2013, Pernikahan Beda Agama Ditinjau Dari Perspektif Islam dan HAM, Jurnal Mahasiswa, Khazanah.

Jane Marlen Makalew, 2013, Akibat Hukum Dari Perkawinan Beda Agama Di Indonesia, Lex Privatum, Vol.I/ No.2/ Apr-Jun/ 2013

R.Sardjono, 2013, Berbagai Masalah Hukum dalam Undang-undang Republik Indonesia No 1 tahun 1974 tentang Perkawinan. Diedarkan dikalangan mahasiswa fakultas Hukum dan Pengetahuan Kemasyarakatan Universitas Trisakti, Jakarta

Sumber Internet:

Andi Saputra, Pasangan Beda Agama Islam Kristen Disahkan PN Pontianak, https://news.detik.com/berita/d-5987171/pasangan-nikah-beda-agama-islam-kristen-inidisahkan-pn-pontianak, diakses pada 09 September 2022 pukul 0.37 Wib

Populis, Jumlah Pasangan Beda Agama Di Indonesia, https://populis.id/read13644/jangan-kaget-ini-jumlah-pasangan-nikah-beda-agama-di-indonesia, diakses pada 08 September 2022 pukul 21.57 Wib

Sri Pujianti, Perkawinan Beda Agama Mudaratnya Lebih Besar, https://www.mkri.id/index.php?page=web.Berita&id=18422&menu=2#:~:text=11%2F08).,Foto%20Humas%2FIfa.,Hind%2C%20Budha%2C%20dan%20Konghucu.,diakses tgl 17 septe,ber 2022, pkl. 11.34 wib

Peraturan Perundang-Undangan:

Undang-Undang Nomor 1 Tahun 1974 Tentang Perkawinan

Undang-Undang Nomor 16 Tahun 2019 Tentang Perubahan Atas Undang-Undang Nomor 1 Tahun 1974 Tentang Perkawinan

Undang-Undang Nomor 23 Tahun 2006 Tentang Administrasi Kependudukan

Kompilasi Hukum Islam

Al Quran

Al Kitab

DOI: https://doi.org/10.35308/jic.v6i2.6123


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