The Dilemma of Dual Citizenship Plan in Indonesia: An Overview of Politics and Human Rights

Hilal Ramdhani, Rayhan Musa Novian


The development of globalization has had an impact on the perspectives of Indonesian citizens, especially diaspora groups who wish to apply a dual citizenship legal status, because it is considered to have a positive impact on their lives. Pressure from diaspora groups has received various rejections from nationalist groups who view the implementation of dual citizenship as a potential threat to security and political instability in Indonesia. The method used in this study is a library method that uses various previous studies as a research data base. This study uses the political theory of citizenship initiated by Stokke, that citizenship has four dimensions, namely legal status, rights, membership, and participation related to the plan to implement dual citizenship in Indonesia, especially from a political and human rights perspective. The results of the study show that empirically dual citizenship prioritizes aspects of human rights, especially state protection for diaspora groups and returning the rights of citizens who were exiled due to politics in the New Order era. However, the application of dual citizenship also requires special studies, especially regarding political rights, because it involves various fundamental issues within the Indonesian state, such as getting the opportunity to vote and be elected in general elections. The basic problem is also related to the clarity of the ideology of dual citizenship, because only Indonesia implements Pancasila as the state ideology. The conclusion of the research results shows that political and human rights views have become a debate used by groups that oppose or support the plan to implement dual citizenship in Indonesia.


Dual Citizenship; Political; Human Rights; Citizenship Dimension

Full Text:



Ananda, P. (2020). DPR Kembali Suarakan RUU Dwi Kewarganegaraan. [online]. Accessed from

Apuke, O. D. (2017). Quantitative research methods: A synopsis approach. Kuwait Chapter of Arabian Journal of Business and Management Review, 33(5471), 1-8.

Ayu, H., & Anggraeny, P. S. (2019). Kasus Gloria E Mairering Perkara Kewarganegaraan Ganda Dalam Perkawinan Campuran. Jurnal Ius Constituendum, 4(1), 1-17.

Buletin Parlementaria. (2020). RUU Dwi Kewarganegaraan Harus Dikaji Mendalam. Nomor 1132/V/XI/2020

Dahlin, E. C., & Hironaka, A. (2008). Citizenship Beyond Borders: A Cross‐National Study of Dual Citizenship. Sociological Inquiry, 78(1), 54-73.

De Wilde, P., Koopmans, R., & Merkel, W. (Eds.). (2019). The struggle over borders: Cosmopolitanism and communitarianism. Cambridge University Press.

Dilahwangsa, Z. (2022). Pembentukan Wacana Dwi Kewarganegaraan oleh Komunitas Diaspora Indonesia dalam Perspektif Teori Identitas Sosial. Kajian, 27(1), 43-56.

Faist, T., Gerdes, J., & Rieple, B. (2004). Dual citizenship as a path-dependent process. International migration review, 38(3), 913-944.

Fauziah, I. N. N., & Dewi, D. A. (2021). Membangun semangat nasionalisme mahasiswa melalui pendidikan kewarganegaraan. IJoIS: Indonesian Journal of Islamic Studies, 2(2), 93-103.

Ganohariti, R. (2020). Dual citizenship in de facto states: Comparative case study of Abkhazia and Transnistria. Nationalities Papers, 48(1), 175-192.

Gayo, A. A. (2019). Problematika Status Kewarganegaraan Anak Melampaui Batas Usia 21 Tahun (Studi Kasus Provinsi Bali). Jurnal Penelitian Hukum De Jure, 19(3), 269-284.

Hammar, T. (1985). Dual citizenship and political integration. International Migration Review, 19(3), 438-450.

Hermanto, B. (2022). Reformulasi Undang-Undang Kewarganegaraan Indonesia: Perspektif Politik Hukum, Problematik, dan Prospek Pengaturan. Jurnal Legislasi Indonesia, 19(2), 209-230.

House of Representative of Indonesia Republic. (2020). RUU Dwi Kewarganegaraan Harus Dikaji Mendalam. [online]. Accessed from

Keohane, R. O. (2002). Ironies of sovereignty: the European Union and the United States. JCMS: journal of common market studies, 40(4), 743-765.

Mazzolari, F. (2009). Dual citizenship rights: do they make more and richer citizens?. Demography, 46(1), 169-191.

Migdal, J. S., & Schlichte, K. (2016). Rethinking the state. In The dynamics of states (pp. 11-50). Routledge.

Miller, D. (2016). Strangers in our midst: The political philosophy of immigration. Harvard University Press.

Mz, H. I. (2018). Analisis Perubahan Pengaturan Hukum Kewarganegaraan Ganda Bagi Diaspora Indonesia Ditinjau Dari Perspektif Undang-Undang Nomor 12 Tahun 2006. GANEC SWARA, 12(1), 48-57.

Nurhidayati, N. (2018). Kebijakan Pemerintah Dalam Pemilikan Rumah Tempat Tinggal Bagi Orang Asing Dan Kewarganegaraan Ganda. Jurnal Administrasi Kantor, 6(1), 23-32.

Nyers, P. 2008. Introduction: Why citizenship studies. Isin, E.F., Nyers, P. & Turner, B.S. (eds.) Citizenship between Past and Future, 1–4. London: Routledge.

Owen, D. (2010). Resident aliens, non-resident citizens and voting rights: towards a pluralist theory of transnational political equality and modes of political belonging. Citizenship acquisition and national belonging: Migration, membership and the liberal democratic state, 52-73.

Poethig, K. (2006). Sitting between two chairs: Cambodia’s dual citizenship debate 3 4. In Expressions of Cambodia (pp. 89-101). Routledge.

Pogonyi, S. (2011). Dual citizenship and sovereignty. Nationalities Papers, 39(5), 685-704.

Rice, C. (2000). Promoting the national interest. Foreign Aff., 79, 45.

RMOL.ID. (2016). Tolak, Dwikewarganegaraan Bisa Jadi Ancaman Terhadap Kedaulatan NKRI. [online]. Accessed from

Schuck, P.H. (2002). Liberal citizenship. Isin, E.F. & Turner, B.S. (eds.) Handbook of Citizenship Studies, 131–144. London: Sage.

Sejersen, T. B. (2008). “I vow to thee my countries”–the expansion of dual citizenship in the 21st century. International Migration Review, 42(3), 623-649.

Spiro, P. J. (2010). Dual citizenship as human right. International journal of constitutional law, 8(1), 111-130.

Stokke, K. (2017). Politics of citizenship: Towards an analytical framework. Norsk Geografisk Tidsskrift-Norwegian Journal of Geography, 71(4), 193-207.

Sukmawaty, S. (2016). Kepulauan Riau Sebagai Daerah Perbatasan Dengan Masalah Kewarganegaraan Ganda Terbatas. Jurnal Selat, 3(2), 441-450.

Tirto. (2016). Kekhawatiran Tentang Status Dwi Kewarganegaraan. [online]. Accessed from

Titko, E., Kurovska, I., Korniienko, P., Balzhyk, I. A., & Stoyatska, G. M. (2021). Military-civil interaction through the prism of human rights protection: the experience of the ECtHR. Linguistics and Culture Review, 5(S3), 649-666.

Utami, P. D. Y. (2021). Implikasi Yuridis Perkawinan Campuran Terhadap Pewarisan Tanah Bagi Anak. Kertha Wicaksana, 15(1), 80-89.

Whitaker, B. E. (2011). The politics of home: Dual citizenship and the African diaspora. International Migration Review, 45(4), 755-783.

Yuliartini, N. P. R., & Mangku, D. G. S. (2020). Legal protection for women victims of trafficking in Indonesia in an international human rights perspective. International Journal of Criminology and Sociology, 9, 1397-1404.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 Hilal Ramdhani, Rayhan Musa Novian

Jurnal Public Policy
p-ISSN: 2477-5738  I  e-ISSN: 2502-0528  I  DOI: 10.35308
Jl. Alue Peunyareng, Ujong Tanoh Darat, Meureubo, Kabupaten Aceh Barat, Aceh 23681, Indonesia
(0655) 7110535 l +621260313742 l +6285277110911
License Creative Commons is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License