Urbanization and Sustainability of Artisanal Fishing Activities in Gaya Island Village, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah

Jalihah Md Shah, Dzurizah Ibrahim

Abstract


Fishing activities are usually associated with rural based economic activities. However, studies in Gaya Island Village, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah found that fisheries also carried out by the urban community. Urbanization have created opportunities and dilemmas for fishermen in these villages. This ethnographic study is based on two objectives (i) to discuss the impact of urbanization on fishermen economic life; and (ii) to describe factors affecting the sustainability of fishing activities in urban areas. The study found that urbanization open opportunities to the involvement of non-fishery employment among the fishing households, increased education awareness, fishermen engaged in part-time jobs, urban wage-earner and fixed income as well as enjoying urban facilities. All of these provide income stability to the fishing household in Gaya Island Village but at the same time invokes the issue of uncertainties in fisheries economic activity through tourism development and conservation. The involvement of fishing households in the urban economy especially in the service sector has led to the questionable future of this activity. However, this study found that the nature of the fisheries sector is easy to access, government incentives and fishing skills are among the factors that can influence the sustainability of fisheries activities among the fishing community in Kota Kinabalu city.

 


Keywords


Urbanization, Sustainability, Fishermen, Uncertainty, Gaya Island

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ahmad Zubir Ibrahim & Abd. Rahim Anuar. 2016. “Penentu Keterlibatan Nelayan Pesisir Pantai dalam Aktiviti Bukan Pertanian di Kuala Kedah, Kedah”. Malaysian Journal of Society and Space (GEOGRAFIA). 12 Issues 14 (1-9).

Béné, C. 2003. “When Fishery Rhymes with Poverty: A First Step Beyond the Old Paradigm on Poverty in Small-Scale Fisheries”. World Development

Volume 31, Issue 6, June 2003, 949-975.

Fadzilah Majid Cooke. 2008. The Bajau of Mengkabong: Potential Partners in Wetlands Conservation?. Seminar Paper Series Number 5, 2008. Research Unit for Etnhography and Development, School of Social Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sabah.

Ismail Ali. 2013. Nelayan Artisanal di Sabah. Kota Kinabalu: Penerbit Universiti Malaysia Sabah.

Ismail Ali & Mohammad Raduan Bin Mohd. Ariff. 2007. “Hubungan Ekosistem Marin Pinggir Pantai dan Muara Sungai Dengan Sosio-Ekonomi Komuniti Nelayan di Teluk Brunei dan Teluk Padas, Sabah: Satu Tinjauan”. Jati, Vol. 12. December 2007, (229-245).

Jalihah Md Shah. 2017. “Keadaan Sosioekonomi Nelayan Bandar di Kg. Pulau Gaya, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah”. LIFEWAYS – International Journal of Society, Development and Environment in the Developing World. Vol. 1, No. 2 (56-68).

Jalihah Md Shah. 2015. Nelayan dalam Bandar dan Pembangunan Komuniti di Kg. Pulau Gaya, Sabah. Tesis Ijazah Doktor Falsafah. Pusat Pengajian Sains Kemasyarakatan, Universiti Sains Malaysia.

Jalihah Md Shah. 1999. Wanita dalam Isi Rumah Nelayan: Satu Kajian kes di Kampung Weston Laut. Tesis Latihan Ilmiah, Program Sosiologi & Antropologi Sosial, Sekolah Sains Sosial, Universiti Malaysia Sabah.

McCay, B. J. 1978. “Systems Ecology, People Ecology, and the Anthropology of Fishing Communities”. Human Ecology, Vol. 6, No. 4, 397-422.

Mohd Lizal Jainuddin. 2020. Aktiviti Penangkapan Ikan dalam Komuniti Nelayan di Kampung Linayukan, Sugut, Beluran, Sabah. Latihan Ilmiah. Program Sosiologi dan Antropologi Sosial, Universiti Malaysia Sabah.

Muhammad Wafi Ramli, Sharifah Rohayah Sheikh Dawood & Sofia Haminah Mohd Som. 2019. “Cabaran Hidup Miskin dalam kalangan Komuniti Nelayan di Tanjung Dawai, Kedah”. Malaysian Journal of Society and Space (GEOGRAFIA). 15 Issues 1, (54-66).

Narendran Vasantha Malliha. 1975. The Women of Perupok: An Economic Study. Master of Social Science Dissertation. Universiti Sains Malaysia.

Nik Hashim Nik Mustapha. 1987. “Satu Analisis Ekonomi tentang Polisi Pembangunan Industri Perikanan dan Kesannya ke atas Nelayan dan Penggunaan Sumber”. Dalam Mohd. Haflah Piei. Malaysia: Isu-isu Pembangunan. Bangi: Penerbit Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia.

Nor Hayati Sa’at, Ibrahim Mamat & Wan Mohd Zaifurin Wan Nawang. 2017. “Pola Perubahan Sosiobudaya dan Mobiliti Sosial dalam Kalangan Komuniti Muara di Pantai Timur, Semenanjung Malaysia”. Akademia, 87 (3), (163-176).

Nor Hayati Sa’at. 2010. Keluar Dari Lingkaran Kemiskinan: Mobiliti Sosial di Kalangan Komuniti Pesisir Pantai, Kuala Terengganu. Tesis Ijazah Doktor Falsafah, Kolej Undang-Undang, Kerajaan dan Pengajian Antarabangsa, Universiti Utara Malaysia.

Samruzhaizad Samian @ Samion, Jamaluddin Md. Jahi & Azahan Awang. 2014. “Isu Perbandaran dan Kualiti Hidup Penduduk Pinggir Bandar”. International Journal of the Malay World and Civilisation (Iman), 2 (1), (63-75).

Siti Masayu Rosliah Abdul Rashid & Narimah Semat. (2018). Kemiskinan Keluarga dan Pengaruhnya Terhadap Tahap Pendidikan Rendah Masyarakat Luar Bandar: Kajian Kes di Jajahan Bachok, Kelantan. Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (e-Bangi). Vol. 13, No. 2 (2018): 11-23.

Wan Hashim Wan Teh. 1980. Komuniti Nelayan di Pulau Pangkor: Beberapa Aspek Ekonomi dan Sosial. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka.

Wan Mohd Zaifurin Wan Nawang @ Wan Ahmad, Ibrahim Mamat & Abdul Majid Mohd Isa. 2009. “Faktor Peramal Minat Belia Untuk Menjadi Nelayan: Satu Kajian di Mukim Kuala Besut, Terengganu”. Jurnal Teknologi, 50 (E) Jun 2009: 29-52.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.35308/jcpds.v6i2.2668

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Community : Pengawas Dinamika Sosial 
ISSN 2477-5746 (cetak); ISSN 2502-0544 (online)
Prodi Sosiologi
Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Teuku Umar
Jl. Alue Peunyaring, Ujong Tanoh Darat, Kabupaten Aceh Barat, Aceh 23681, Indonesia 
email: jcommunityutu@gmail.com |sosiologi@utu.ac.id| http://sosiologi.utu.ac.id
________________________________________________________________________________

 Community : Pengawas Dinamika Sosial dilisensikan dengan Lisensi Internasional Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 .