STRATEGI ADAPTASI KEARIFAN LOKAL MASYARAKAT NELAYAN TERHADAP PERUBAHAN EKOSISTEM PESISIR ACEH

Arfriani Maifizar

Abstract


This study includes the importance of maintaining local wisdom by fishing communities in the face of adaptation to the impact of ecosystem changes on Sabang Island. Through deepening of the literature review, in-depth interviews, observations, and focus group discussions were conducted with local fishing communities in the coastal area of Sabang Island, finally found some research results that made reference to the adaptation strategies that fishermen community carried to the impact of ecosystem changes through local wisdom. The results show that Sabang Island fishermen communities who have felt the impact of ecosystem changes such as mangrove damage, coral reefs due to exploitation of coastal resources and natural disasters can achieve the success of solving the problem in several ways either through knowledge about adaptation made by fishing communities obtained from academic knowledge, or through knowledge that has been entrusted in a downward manner known as local wisdom. Therefore, fisherman adaptation strategies in addressing the impacts of ecosystem change follow a pattern of reactive adaptation, they tend to use capabilities from within the community. This adaptation pattern is carried out by developing job diversification, modifying the fleet of boats and taking action with the community in rehabilitating damaged ecosystems and the role of commander laot to the fishermen in arranging the time of catching with the natural sign through the knowledge of inheritance as local wisdom that needs to be maintained all the time.

 

Keyword: Fisherman Society, Adaptation, ecosystem change, local wisdom.


Keywords


Fisherman Society, Adaptation, ecosystem change, local wisdom

Full Text:

PDF

References


Allison EH, Ellis F. 2001. The livelihoods approach and management of small-scale fishers. Marine policy, 25, 377-388.

Bengen DG. 2012. Menguak Realitas dan Urgensi Pengelolaan Berbasis Eko-Sosio Sistem Pulau-pulau Kecil [ID]: Jakarta Pusat Pembelajaran dan Pengembangan Pesisir dan Laut (P4L)

Gilman, E., J. Ellison and R. Coleman. 2007. Assessment of mangrove response to projected relative sea-level rise and recent historical reconstruction of shoreline position. Environmental Monitoring Assessment, 124:105–130.

Haryono, T. J. S. 2005. “Strategi Kelangsungan Hidup Nelayan: Studi tentang diversifikasi pekerjaan keluarga nelayan sebagai salah satu strategi dalam mempertahankan kelangsungan hidup”. Berkala Ilmiah Kependudukan, 7 (2), hal 126-127.

Imron, M. 2003. Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Nelayan. Media Pressindo: Yogyakarta.

Rappaport, R. A. 1999. Ritual and Religion in The Making of Humanity. Cambridge university Press.

Saguna aisyah, 2015. Strategi adaptasi nelayan dan faktor faktor Pelayaran dalam menghadapi Perubahan iklim, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember Surabaya. Surabaya

Satria, A. 2009. Pesisir dan Laut Untuk Rakyat. Bogor: IPB Press.

Subair, Kolopaking, L. M., Adiwibowo, S. dan Pranowo, M. B. 2014. “Resiliensi Komunitas Dalam Merespon Perubahan

Supriharyono. 2007. Pengenalan Ekosistem Terumbu Karang. Jakarta: Djambatan.

Jurnal Penelitian/Skripsi/Tesis

Helmi, A. dan Satria, A. 2012. “Strategi Adaptasi Nelayan Terhadap Perubahan Ekologis‟. Journal UI-Makara, 16 (1), hal 68-78

Dini Purbani, Terry Louise Kepel, 2014. Coral Reef Condition in Weh Island After Mega Tsunami Disaste. J. MANUSIA DAN LINGKUNGAN, Vol. 21, No.3: 331-340 Iklim Melalui Strategi Nafkah (Studi Kasus Desa Nelayan Di Pulau Ambon Maluku)”. Jurnal Sosek, 9 (1), hal 77-90.

Nurlaili. 2012. “Strategi Adaptasi Nelayan Bajo Menghadapi Perubahan Iklim: Studi Nelayan Bajo di Kabupaten Sikka, Flores, Nusa Tenggara Timur”. Jurnal Masyarakat & Budaya, 14 (3), hal 599-624.

Putra, A., Husrin, S., Al Tanto, T., dan Pratama, R. 2015. “Kerentanan Pesisir Terhadap Perubahan Iklim Di Timur Laut Provinsi Bali”. Majalah Ilmiah Globe, 17(1)hal 43-50.

Badan Pusat Statistik Kota Sabang, Sabang Dalam Angka 2016. BPS Kota Sabang

Website

Saripurnawan, Djunaidi. 2007. Aceh Pasca Tsunami: Dampak Negatif Bantuan yang Berlebihan. www.kabarindonesia.com.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.35308/jcpds.v4i1.185

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Community : Pengawas Dinamika Sosial 
ISSN 2477-5746 (cetak); ISSN 2502-0544 (online)
Prodi Sosiologi
Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Teuku Umar
Jl. Alue Peunyaring, Ujong Tanoh Darat, Kabupaten Aceh Barat, Aceh 23681, Indonesia 
email: jcommunityutu@gmail.com |sosiologi@utu.ac.id| http://sosiologi.utu.ac.id
________________________________________________________________________________

 Community : Pengawas Dinamika Sosial dilisensikan dengan Lisensi Internasional Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 .