Description of ST Segments Elevation of Myocardial Infarction on Patients Undergoing Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in dr. M. Djamil Hospital Padang

Pradita Diah Permatasari, Muhammad Fadil, Masrul Syafri

Abstract


Myocardial infarction is influenced by various risk factors consist of gender, age, family history, smoking, hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes mellitus and menopause. The aim of this study was to describe the description of sex, age and risk factors possessed by patients with ST segments Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI) who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) procedures at Dr. M. Djamil hospital Padang. Amount of 40 people were obtained specifically for STEMI patients who underwent PPCI and were treated at the integrated heart services installation of RSUP dr. M. Djamil Padang from July-September 2019. The research variables measured were age, sex, risk factors for hypertension, diabetes mellitus, smokers, dyslipidemia, family history and menopause. Data was analyzed in the form of univariate analysis, which explained each research variable according to the proportion and frequency values. The results were found in 40 patients with acute ST segments elevation myocardial infarction, all aged > 40 years, most were male (85%) and the most risk factor was smoking (82,5%). We conclude that STEMI patients who underwent PPCI in dr.M. Djamil hospital Padang from July-September 2019 were all > 40 years old, most were male, with the most risk factors were smokers.

Keywords


ST segments elevation myocardial infarction, Primary percutaneous coronary intervention

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bonithon-Kopp, C., Scarabin, P.Y., Darne, B., Malmejak, A. & Guize, L. (1990) Menopause-related changes in lipoproteins and some other cardiovascular risk factors. Int. J. Epidemiol., 19:42–8.

Dąbek, J., Bałys M, Majewski, M. & Gąsior, Z.T. (2016) Diabetic patients with an acute myocardial infarction in terms of risk factors and comorbidities management: characteristics of the highest-risk individuals. Advances Clin. Experiment. Med., 25(4): 655-663.

Dharma, S. (2017) Infark miokard akut disertai elevasi segmen ST: Patologi, patofisiologi dan gambaran klinis. In: Yuniadi, Y, Hermanto, DY, Siswanto, BB. Buku Ajar Kardiovaskular Jilid 2 (pp.153-9). Jakarta, Indonesia: Sagung Seto.

Dong, Y.M., Liu, X.X., Wei, G.Q., Da, Y.N., Cha, L. & Ma, C.S. (2015) Prediction of long-term outcome after acute myocardial infarction using circulating miR-145. Scand. J. Clin. Labor. Investigat., 75(1): 85-91.

Escobar, E. (2002) Hypertension and coronary heart disease. J. Human Hypert., 16(1): S61-S63.

Grady, D., Rubin, S.M., Petitti, D.B., Fox, C.S., Black, D., Ettinger, B, Ernster, V.L. & Cummings, S.R. (1992) Hormone therapy to prevent disease and prolong life in post menopausal women. Ann. Intern. Med., 117: 1016–1037.

Hass, E.E., Yang, E.H., Gersh, B.J., & O’Rourke, R.A. (2011) ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. In: Hurst’s The Heart Volume Two. 13th edition (pp.1361-1364). United States: McGraw-Hill.

Ibanez, B., James, S., Agewall, S., Antunes, M.J., Bucciarelli-Ducci, C., Bueno, H., Caforio, A.L.P., Crea, F., Goudevenos, J.A., Halvorsen, S., Hindricks, G., Kastrati, A., Lenzen, M.J., Prescott, E., Roffi, M., Valgimigli, M., Varenhorst, C., Vranckx, P., & Widimský, P. (2018) 2017 ESC Guidelines for the management of acute myocardial infarction in patients presenting with ST-segment elevation: The Task Force for the management of acute myocardial infarction in patients presenting with ST-segment elevation of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). Eur. Heart J., 39(2): 119-177.

Jousilahti, P, Vartiainen, E., Tuomilehto, J. & Puska, P. (1999) Sex, Age, Cardiovascular Risk Factors, and Coronary Heart Disease A Prospective Follow-Up Study of 14 786 Middle-Aged Men and Women in Finland. Circulation, 99: 1165-1172.

Kang, M.J., Oh, Y.M., Lee, J.C., Kim, D.G., Park, M.J., Lee, M.G., Hyun, I.G., Han, S.K., Shim, Y.S. & Jung, K.S. (2003) Lung Matrix Metalloproteinase-9 Correlates with Cigarette Smoking and Obstruction of Airflow. Korean Med. Sci., 12: 821–827.

Matthews, K.A., Meilahn, E., Kuller, L.H., Kelsey, S.F., Caggiula, A.W., & Wing, R.R. (1989) Menopause and risk factors for coronary heart disease. N. Engl. J. Med., 321: 641– 646.

O'Gara, P.T., Kushner, F.G., Ascheim, D.D., Casey, D.E., Jr. Chung, M.K., de Lemos, J.A., Ettinger, S.M., Fang, J.C., Fesmire, F.M., Franklin, B.A., Granger, C.B., Krumholz, H.M., Linderbaum, J.A., Morrow, D.A., Newby, L.K., Ornato, J.P., Ou, N., Radford, M.J., Tamis-Holland, J.E., Tommaso, C.L., Tracy, C.M., Woo, Y.J., Zhao, D.X., Anderson, J.L., Jacobs, A.K., Halperin, J.L., Albert, N.M., Brindis, R.G., Creager, M.A., DeMets, D., Guyton, R.A., Hochman, J.S., Kovacs, R.J., Kushner, F.G., Ohman, E.M., Stevenson, W.G. & Yancy, C.W. (2013). 2013 ACCF/AHA Guideline for the Management of ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction: A Report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines. Circulation, 127(4): e362-e425.

Piepoli, M.F., Hoes, A.W., Agewall, S., Albus, C., Brotons, C., Catapano, A.L., Cooney, M.T., Corrà, U., Cosyns, B., Deaton, C., Graham, I., Hall, M.S., Hobbs, F.D.R., Løchen, M.L., Löllgen, H., Marques-Vidal, P., Perk, J., Prescott, E., Redon, J., Richter, D.J., Sattar, N., Smulders, Y., Tiberi, M., van der Worp, H.B., van Dis, I., Verschuren, W.M.M., Binno, S. (2016) 2016 European guidelines on cardiovascular disease prevention in clinical practice: The Sixth Joint Task Force of the European Society of Cardiology and Other Societies on Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in Clinical Practice (constituted by representatives of 10 societies and by invited experts) Developed with the special contribution of the European Association for Cardiovascular Prevention & Rehabilitation (EACPR). Eur. Heart J., 37(29): 2315–2381.

RISKESDAS. (2013) Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan. Riset Kesehatan Dasar (RISKESDAS). L nas, 1-384.

Scirica, B.M. & Morrow, D.A. (2015) ST-elevation myocardial infarction: pathology, pathopysiology, and clinical features. In: Braunwald's Heart Disease. A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine. Tenth edition (pp.1072-88). Philadelphia, United States: Elsevier.

Shahar, E., Folsom, A.R., Salomaa, V.V., Stinson, V.L., McGovern, P.G., Shimakawa, T., Chambless, L.E. & Wu, K.K. (1996) Relation of hormone-replacement therapy to measures of plasma fibrinolytic activity. Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study Investigators. Circulation, 93(11):1970–75.

Soelistijo, S.A., Novida, H., Rudijanto, A., Suastika, K. & Manaf, A. (2015) Definisi, pathogenesis, klasifikasi diabetes mellitus. Konsensus pengelolaan dan pencegahan diabetes mellitus tipe 2 di Indonesia 2015 (pp.6-11). Jakarta, Indonesia, PB. PERKENI.

Syahputri, V.N., Fitriani, F., Farisni, T.N., Yarmaliza, Y., Reynaldi, F. & Darmawi, D. (2019) The implementation of non-smoking area qanun (regulation) in West Aceh Health Office. J-Kesmas: Jurnal Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat (Indones. J. Pub. Health), 6(2): 57-73.

Tobing, D. (2017) Tatalaksana infark miokard elevasi segmen ST. In: Yuniadi, Y, Hermanto, DY, Siswanto, BB. Buku Ajar Kardiovaskular Jilid 2 (pp.166-70). Jakarta, Indonesia, Sagung Seto.

Topol, E.J. & Werf, F.J.V. (2007) Acute myocardial infarction: early diagnosis and management. In: Topol, EJ. Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine. 3rd edition (pp.280-1). Philadelphia, United States: Lippincott Williams and wilkins.

Vernon, S. T., Coffey, S., D'Souza, M., Chow, C. K., Kilian, J., Hyun, K. & Figtree, G. A. (2019) ST Segment–Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI) Patients Without Standard Modifiable Cardiovascular Risk Factors - How Common Are They, and What Are Their Outcomes? J. Am. Heart Assoc., 8(21):e013296.

Yarmaliza, Y. & Farisni, T.N. (2018) Evaluasi Penerapan Kawasan Tanpa Rokok Melalui Peran Dinas Kesehatan. J-Kesmas: Jurnal Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat (Indones. J. Pub. Health), 5(1): 25-36.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.35308/j-kesmas.v7i1.1817

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




p-ISSN 2355-0643
e-ISSN 2355-0988

Managed by Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat
Published by Universitas Teuku Umar
Website : http://jurnal.utu.ac.id/jkesmas
Email    : jkemas@utu.ac.id

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.